1G8 NATIONALITY OF THE SCULFTOBS, ascetic has been seduced by their wiles into tasting the dangerous draught; one of the two cnps is in his hand, the other is ready to follow. In the third one, of which there are two representations, the cups have been quaffed, and he is reeling from their effects. Obviously all this has nothing to do -with Silenus ; the discovery of the second block, which supplies the missing scene in the drama, makes it quite clear that some entirely different personage is intended. The tazza theory may also be dismissed ; for the shallow bason at the top of the stone seems to be nothing more than the bed for the reception of a round pillar. A sacrificial vase was a not uncommon offering among the Greeks ; and if the carving had been shown to represent a Greek legend, there would have been no great improbability in supposing that the work had been executed for a foreigner who employed it ia accordance with his own national usage. But in dedicat- ing a cup to one of his own divinities, he would not decorate it with scenes from Hindu mythology ; while, on the other hand, the offering of a cup of such dimensions to any monastery or shrine on the part of a Buddhist is both unprecedented and intrinsically improbable. Finally, as to the nationality of the artist. The foliage? it must be ob- served, is identical in character with what is seen on many Buddhist pillars found in the immediate neighbourhood and generally in connection with figures of Maya Devi ; whence it may be presumed that it is intended to represent the sal tree, under which Buddha was born? though it is by no means a correct representa- tion of that tree. The other minor accessories are also, with one exception, either clearly Indian^ or at least not strikingly nn-Indian : such as the earrings and bangles worn "by the female figures and the feet either bare or certainly not shod with sandals : the one exception being the mantle of the male attendant in the drunken scene. Considering the local character of all the other accessories, I find it impossible to agree with General Cunningham in ascribing the work to a foreign artistj " onŠ of a small body of Bactrian sculptorSj who found employ- ment among the weal&y Buddhists at Mathura, as in later days Europeans were employed under the Mughal emperors." The thoroughly Indian character of the details seem? to me, as to Dr. Ultra, decisive proof that the sculptor was a uatiYe of the country ; nor do I think it very strange that he should represent one of the less important characters as clothed in a modified Greek costume, since it is an established historical fact that Mathum was included in the Bactrian Empire^ and the Greek style of dress cannot have been altogether unfamiliar to him* The artificial folds vf the diapery were probably borrowed from what he sawoa coins.